In the Terai region of western Nepal, there is a protected area called Bardiya National Park. It was designated a national park in 1988 and has a land area of 968 square kilometers. The park is located in Nepal's Bardiya district, close to the Indian border. The park is renowned for both its rich wildlife, which includes tigers, elephants, one-horned rhinoceroses, and crocodiles, as well as its different habitats, which include sal and khair forests, grasslands, and wetlands.
The Tharu people, an indigenous ethnic minority with their own culture and way of life, also call the park home. Visitors can participate in cultural tours to discover more about the Tharu way of life and see authentic Tharu villages. Tourists frequently visit the park for excursions including jungle safaris, bird gazing, and cultural tours. Additionally, it's ideal for river boating and rafting, visiting an elephant breeding facility, and taking a nature walk. The Ganges River dolphin, which is at risk of extinction, needs this park as its habitat.
Is Bardiya National Park captive or free?
The wildlife in Nepal's Bardiya National Park is regarded as "free-ranging," and the park is a protected area. This indicates that the park's inhabitants are allowed to roam across the park's limits rather than being held in captivity or in enclosures. The ecosystems of the park are mostly undisturbed, and the creatures can exist and act as they would in their native habitat. As it enables the animals to remain in their native habitats, reproduce, and maintain their population, this sort of conservation is regarded as the best strategy to save and conserve the creatures.
The park has created a number of conservation initiatives with the goal of preserving the habitats and species of the area. The reintroduction of tigers and rhinoceroses, which were formerly extinct from the area and are now regarded as two of the best places to witness these animals in the wild, is one of the most important projects.
Additionally, the park offers elephant and jeep safaris, with the management of the park involving both the guests' and the animals' welfare. Additionally, the Bardia National Park Authority has strong visiting guidelines in place that are designed to limit human involvement with wildlife and safeguard the ecosystems of the park. These guidelines include not feeding the animals, staying a safe distance away, and keeping quiet around them.
Why go to Bardia National Park?
Bardia National Park's diverse biodiversity and the chance to observe animals in their native habitats are its principal draws. The park is famous for a significant number of tigers and is also home to many other animal species, including elephants, one-horned rhinoceroses, crocodiles, and numerous types of deer, making it a popular destination for those who enjoy nature. Visitors can also participate in jungle safaris and guided nature walks to explore the park's many ecosystems and spot various plant and animal species.
Another major draw of the area is the opportunity to learn about the Tharu people's culture and traditional way of life, an indigenous ethnic group that lives in the park. Visitors can participate in cultural tours to discover more about the Tharu way of life and see authentic Tharu villages. In addition, the park provides a range of outdoor activities like birdwatching, rafting and boating on the rivers, and nature hikes. With over 250 different bird species living there, the park is a great place for birdwatchers.
Overall, Bardia National Park is a popular destination for tourists seeking an authentic and highly interactive experience in the natural beauty of Nepal because it provides a wide range of experiences and activities for visitors, from wildlife viewing and cultural tours to nature walks and adventure activities.
The kind of experience you want to have when you visit Bardia National Park will determine the best time to go.
Since the weather is warm and the animals are more active, spring and autumn (February to April and October to December) are regarded as the finest seasons for wildlife viewing in the park. Additionally, various bird species can be spotted in their breeding plumage throughout the spring, making it an ideal period for bird viewing.
Wildlife viewing is not advised during the monsoon season (May to September), when the park is quite wet and the animals are less active. However, now is an excellent time of year to go bird watching due to the abundance of migratory bird species.
A nice time to travel is during the winter, from December to January, when the weather is dry and moderate and the vegetation is thin, making it easier to see wildlife. wildlife. The ideal time to visit Bardia National Park mostly depends on your interests and the things you want to see and do while there. The best times to see wildlife are in the spring and fall, while the best times to see birds are during the monsoon and winter. Before making travel arrangements, it is usually advisable to check the website of the park authorities or speak with a local guide about the present situation and any potential weather-related delays.
Various species of wildlife can be found at Bardia National Park, including:
Tigers: The park is one of the greatest places in Nepal to witness these majestic creatures in the wild and is well recognized for having a high population of tigers.Asian elephants are abundant in the park, and guests can go on elephant safaris to witness these animals in their natural habitat.One-horned rhinoceroses: The park also contains critically endangered One-horned Rhinoceroses, commonly referred to as "Rato Machhindranath" in Nepal.Marsh Muggers and Gharial crocodiles can be found in the park's rivers and marshes, making it home to these reptiles.Several species of deer, including spotted deer, sambar deer, and hog deer, can be found in the park.Numerous monkeys, including common langur and rhesus macaque, can be seen in the park.Wild boars: wild boars can be found throughout the park, primarily close to rivers.
Bardia National Park is home to over 250 species of birds, making it a popular destination for birdwatching. Some of the notable bird species that can be found in the park include:
Bengal Florican: The park's grasslands are home to the critically endangered Bengal Florican, a grassland bird.Giant Hornbill: This enormous bird, which has a horn-like casque on its bill and is also found in the park's woodlands, is called a giant hornbill.A large water bird known as the Black-necked Stork inhabits the wetlands and rivers of the park.Lesser Florican: The grasslands of the park are home to this endangered species of grassland bird.The tallest flying bird in the world, the Sarus Crane, may also be seen at the park.White-tailed Stonechat: This park's resident little passerine bird is frequently spotted on bushes and small trees.
A large water bird known as the "painted stork" is frequently seen close to wetlands and rivers.Bengal Eagle Owl: In the early morning or late evening, look for the Bengal Eagle Owl, a sizable owl that lives in the park.A large wading bird known as the Lesser Adjutant inhabits wetlands and areas close to rivers.Small wading birds known as wood sandpipers inhabit marshes and areas close to rivers.These are only a few of the numerous bird species that may be seen at the park; visitors can also observe many other species, including various kingfisher varieties, eagles, falcons, vultures, and numerous other species of waterbirds. To see as many types of birds as possible and to learn more about the birds and their habitats, visitors can go on guided bird-watching tours.
Bardia National Park employs several methods to keep and care for the animals that live within its boundaries.
The park is committed to safeguarding and preserving the natural habitats of the creatures that occupy its territory. The park gives the animals the resources they require to survive by preserving the ecosystem's integrity.Monitoring: To make sure the animals are healthy and to catch any possible issues early on, the park routinely keeps an eye on the population, health, behavior, and reproduction of the animals.To safeguard the animals from unlawful hunting and poaching, the park has put strong anti-poaching measures in place. In order to prevent poaching, park authorities keep a tight eye on the park's borders and frequently perform patrols.
The park has been striving to reintroduce extinct animal species like tigers, one-horned rhinoceroses, and crocodiles. Within the confines of the park, the population of these creatures has successfully increased thanks to this approach.Management of human-animal conflict: The park also strives to manage these conflicts by educating the community about how to live in harmony with wildlife and by promoting conservation-friendly behaviors like preventative measures against crop raiding.Veterinarian Care: All of the animals living and residing in the park receive veterinary care as well.
What should I consider before going to Bardia National Park?
- Before embarking on a wildlife tour, keep the following in mind to make sure you have a fun and safe time.
- Fitness: A lot of wildlife vacations include physically taxing activities like trekking, kayaking, or 4x4 safaris. Check the amount of physical activity required for the tour to make sure you can participate.
- Climate and weather: When choosing what to bring, keep in mind the destination's climate and weather patterns. It can be vital to pack proper clothing and equipment for certain places where the weather can be unpredictable.
- Travel insurance: Ensure that you have sufficient coverage for both trip cancellation and medical costs.
- Vaccinations: Find out if the destination requires any particular shots, and take the required precautions to be healthy.
- Respect for the wildlife: Keep in mind that wildlife trips should not harm or bother animals; rather, they should be used to observe them in their natural habitat. It's important to respect wildlife and the environment, and many tours have specific rules about how to act near wildlife. Make sure the tour operator is reputable, licensed, and insured by conducting research on them. Additionally, inquire about their policies on responsible wildlife tourism.
- Be ready for unpleasant surprises: Even if a tour promises to see a certain species, there is always a chance that things may not proceed as expected. Enjoy the moment and be ready to change your expectations.
- Check whether there are any restrictions on taking photos or recording videos. It is usually wise to ask about the rules before embarking on a tour because some tour operators have strong policies regarding photographing, particularly endangered animals. By taking these aspects into account, you can make sure that your wildlife tour is both safe and fun and that it has the least possible negative effects on the animals and their habitat.
Why is more than or equivalent to 5 days required in Bardia National Park?
Spending a good amount of time in the field for wildlife watching can greatly increase the chances of seeing a variety of animals and experiencing different behaviors. When you spend more time in the field, you will have more opportunity to explore different areas and habitats, which can increase your chances of seeing different species of animals. Also, animals have different activity levels at different times of day, so spending more time in the field will also increase the chances of seeing animals at different times of day and in different behaviors, such as hunting, mating, and caring for young.
You will also have the chance to learn more about the animals and their habitats if you spend more time in the field. You can learn about their food habits, environmental needs, and behavioral patterns to better understand their ecology and interactions with their surroundings. This could improve the entire experience of seeing wildlife.
However, if you spend less time in the field, you might have fewer chances to encounter a wide range of animals and observe their behaviors. Additionally, animals could not be active when you arrive, or they might be in a part of the field that you are unable to explore. Additionally, if you are out in the field for a shorter period of time, you might not have enough time to learn about the animals and their habitats, and you might miss out on many fascinating aspects of the natural world.
In general, spending more time in the wild will boost your chances of seeing a range of species, observing various behaviors, and learning more about the creatures and their environments.
What to bring on a wildlife excursion?
Several items you should think about bringing on a wildlife excursion include:
- Clothing: Bring layers of weather-appropriate clothing that is lightweight, breathable, and simple to move around in, such as quick-dry textiles. Additionally, you should keep warm, waterproof clothing on hand in case the weather suddenly changes or it gets chilly at night.
- Pack comfortable, closed-toe footwear that is comfortable for hiking, trekking, and other activities, such as rubber boots for muddy terrain.
- Bring the right camera equipment, including lenses, batteries, and memory cards, if you are interested in photography. Remember that there are usually tight guidelines regarding the use of flashes on wildlife trips, so be careful to check with the tour provider beforehand.
- Sun protection: To shield yourself from the sun, bring sunscreen, sunglasses, and a wide-brimmed hat.
- Bring bug repellent with you so you can shield yourself from mosquitoes and other insects.
- Pack toilet paper, wet wipes, hand sanitizer, and any necessary medications for your personal hygiene needs.
- Pack a modest first-aid kit with any prescription pills you might require, painkillers, and any other medical supplies you believe you might require.
- Pack plenty of water and snacks, particularly if the excursion will be lengthy or if the tour operator won't be providing them.
- Pack extra batteries or a power bank for your phone, camera, and other electronic devices since there might not be any power outlets nearby.
- Pack extra batteries or a power bank for your phone, camera, and other electronic devices since there might not be any power outlets nearby.
- Pack a pair of binoculars; they might be useful for observing animals, particularly birds.
Additional considerationsBring binoculars, a small daypack for your supplies, a flashlight or headlamp, and a field guide, if you have one, to the region. Always check with holiday planners and Nepal tour operators to see if there are any extra products or gear they may want you to bring.